ATTITUDE AND KNOWLEDGE OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TOWARDS FIRST AID ON EMERGENCY CONDITION IN CHILDREN

Ristina Mirwanti

Abstract


Background. Emergency condition in school often was met in elementary school. Cases of accidents that often occur in school-age children included falling wounds, bleeding, fractures, and choking. Teachers had fully responsible for the safety of elementary school children. The teachers should been ready and able to give first aid on emergency incident. Assessment of teachers’ knowledge attitude was important to predict teachers’ intention and behavior of first aid. Objectives. The objective of this research was to assess the knowledge and attitude of elementary school teachers toward first aid on emergency condition in children. Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted among teachers in Elementary School X in Jatinangor. This research was quantitative descriptive study. A total of 33 self-administered School Staff First Aid Knowledge (SSFAKT) questionnaire and attitude questionnaire were filled by teachers by total sampling. This questionnaire has been assessed its validity and reliability on previous study. Data was analyzed by frequency distributive using computer program. Results. Out of the total sample size, 78.78% (n=33) ever had given first aid, which 17 teachers given first aid in school. The median of teachers attitude score was 57 (71.25%) and 54.54% (n=33) teachers has favorable attitude, meanwhile 97% (n=33) teachers had low knowledge with knowledge mean score was 28.58. Amount 63.63% (n=33) said they ever got information about first aid but only 24.24% (n = 33) had got first aid training. Conclusion. This research was conclusive for assessing the knowledge and attitude of elementary school teachers towards first aid in children. It showed favorable attitude among teachers but poor of knowledge. They still need education program to improve their knowledge. Nurses as educator could take part on that education program.


Keywords


Attitude, Elementary school teachers, Emergency condition, First aid, Knowledge

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References


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