Imas Rafiyah


Schizophrenia is a severe and chronic disease. Long term care, treatment, and frequent hospitalization of persons with schizophrenia can result in great burden of caregiver. However, Sundanese who are majority Moslem believe that caring for persons who are sick is family’s responsibility to show love, care, guide each other and an act of devotion and a service to God. The purpose of this study was to identify Sundanese caregivers burden caring for persons with schizophrenia. It was a descriptive study. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 88 subjects from the Outpatient Department of West Java Province Mental Hospital, West Java, Indonesia. Data were collected with self-report questionnaires Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) and were analyzed by descriptive: percentage. The findings showed that the subjects perceived burden at little (13.6%), mild (36.45%), moderate (43.2%), and severe (6.8%). The higher mean of burden dimension was financial (M=3.03; SD=1.16). This study indicates that nurses should understanding burden of caregivers caring for persons with schizophrenia based on their beliefs, value, educational level, and economic status are crucial as knowledge in doing assessment, planning, and providing intervention.


Sundanese, Burden, Caregivers, Schizophrenia

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