ABCD PROGRAM AS AN EFFORT TO IMPROVE HEALTHY HABITS AT SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN

Irma Darmawati

Abstract


The prevalence of overweigt and obesity has increased twice in the last five years. Increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in schol age children will increasing health problem in the future. ABCD Programs could be an alternative sollution for this problem. ABCD Consist of : A: Aku senang berjalan kaki atau bersepeda setiap hari (I walk or cycling everyday), B: Buah setiap hari (I eat fruit everyday), C: Cintai dan makan sayur setiap hari (I love and eat vegetable everyday) , D: Di hari selasa, aku mengganti makan nasi dengan sumber zat tenaga lain (One day no rice). Coordinated School Health Model, Health Services Management,and Family Centered Nursing were integrated to guide ABCD programs in school. This research used a quasi-experimental design, pre-post intervention without control group. Fifty five children joined this program for 3 months, and its observed by “Kartu Anak Sehat” (Healthy Card) to make sure that children doing the program regularly. The result showed that ABCD had a significant influence to improve healthy habits in school age children (P value=0,000). ABCD programs also give some benefits. it can provide a reduction of BMI, improve healthy eating habits, physical activity habits, and also increase children motivation to life healthy after 3 months intervention. Community nurses may consider to implement ABCD programs as part of non-communicable disease promotion and prevention program.


Keywords


Obesity, School age children, School program

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allender, J., Rector, C., & Warner, K. (2014). Community & Public Health Nursing: Promoting and protecting the Public's Health (8th ed.). New York: Lippincot Williams&Wilkins.

Anam, M. (2010). pengaruh intervensi diet dan olahraga terhadap indeks massa tubuh, kesegaran jasmani, hsCRP dan profil lipid pada anak obesitas.

Bompa, T. 0., & Haff, G. G. (2009). Periodization : theory and methodology of training (5th ed.). Illinois: Human Kinetics publishers.

CDC. (2014). School Health Index: A self assessment and planning guide. Elementary School version. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Epstein, L. H. (2001). Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Decreasing Fat and Sugar Intake in Families atRisk for Childhood Obesity. Obesity Research, 171-180.

Ismail, N. M. (2012). One day no rice : gerakan lokal untuk indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia pustaka utama.

Kemenkes. (2012). Pedoman pencegahan dan penanggulangan kegemukan dan obesitas pada anak sekolah. jakarta: kemenkes RI.

Kemenkes RI. (2013). Penyajian Pokok-Pokok Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kemenkes RI.

Kopelman, P. G., Caterson, I. D., & Dietz, W. H. (2010). Clinical Obesity in Adults and Children (3rd ed.). Hoboken: A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

NIH. (2012). Understanding Adult Overweight and Obesity. NIH Publication.

NIH. (2014). Exercise & Physical Activity. Retrieved Maret 03, 2014, from National Institute Of health: http://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/exercise-physical-activity

Sigal, R. J., Kenny, G. P., Wasserman, D. H., Sceppa, C. C., & White, R. D. (2006). Physical Activity/Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes: A consensus statement from the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care, Volume 29 Number 6, 1433-1438.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Secretary Office :

STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat (Intitute of Nursing Science PPNI West Java)

Ahmad street 4th No. 32 Cicendo, Bandung 40173

West Java - Indonesia

Phone.: +62 22 6121914

Email: info@icdmic.org

Website: icdmic2017.org