Dewi Marfuah


Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before menstruation. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a health problem experienced by around 20-40% of women. The symptoms of PMS include affective and somatic symptoms affects quality of women’s life. However, there are no studies that describe experiences with PMS. Objective: To describe experience of adolescents with PMS. Methods: A qualitative study using phenomenological approach. Number of participants were five female students of SMK Moch Toha Cimahi, Bandung, West Java, that meet criteria of PMS based on ACOG. The data were collected from the results of in-depth interviews with an unstructured interview. Colaizzi method was used for data analysis. Results: Five themes were found: symptoms perceived as a change that affects the psychological, behavioral and physical; symptoms cause discomfort and interfere social relationships of adolescents; Internal and external factors are the reasons for the selection of treatment; non pharmacological treatment as coping is common when they feel discomfort; and most of symptoms reduced with non and pharmacological treatment. Conclusion: Adolescents' experience with PMS caused discomfort such as affects the psychological, behavioral and physical. It interferes their social relationship. However, the symptoms increased because of prolonged stress. Therefore, nurses have a role to provide health education about PMS and its treatment for adolescent.


experience, adolescent, premenstrual syndrome

Full Text:



Jarrah, S.S., and Kamel, A.A. (2012). Attitudes and Practice of School- Aged Girls Towards Menstruation. International Journal of Nursing Practice. pp. 308-315.

Perry, S.E., Hockenberry, M.J., Lowdermilk, D.L., and Wilson, D. (2010). Maternal Child Nursing Care. 4th edition. MOSBY Elsevier, Missouri.

Hapsari, Elsi D., Mantani, Y., and Matsuo, H. (2006). The Prevalence of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and Its Modulation by Lifestyle and Psychological Factors in High School Students. Bulletin of Health Sciences Kobe. Pp. 19-28.

Retissu, R., Sanusi, S., Muhaimin, A., Rujito, L. (2010). Association Body Mass Index and Premenstrual Syndrome. Bulletin of Medical Faculty, UKI. XXVII Vol.1. pp. 2.

Arisman. (2008). Diet and Nutrition in Living Cycles. 2th .EGC, Jakarta

Holloway, I., and Wheeler, S. (2010). Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare. 3th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell, USA.

Suparman, E. (2011). Premenstrual syndrome. EGC, Jakarta.

Thomas, S. (2009). Assessing the Knowledge of Premenstrual Syndrome and its Management Among Adolescent Girls. Master’s degree in nursing ST. John’s college of nursing

Andrews, Gilly. (2009). Text Book of Women’s Health Reproduction. 3th Edition. EGC, Jakarta:

Notoatmodjo. (2007). Health Promotion: Theory and Practice. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Silvia, M. (2014). Association Knowledge and Motivation Gilrs Adolescent with Premenstrual syndrome’s Treatment at SMA Muhamadiyah 5 Yogyakarta. Bulletin of Midwifery, Poltekkes Aisyah Yogyakarta.

Soekanto. (2012). Promotion of Midwifery Health. Rineke Cipta, Jakarta.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Secretary Office :

STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat (Intitute of Nursing Science PPNI West Java)

Ahmad street 4th No. 32 Cicendo, Bandung 40173

West Java - Indonesia

Phone.: +62 22 6121914

Email: info@icdmic.org

Website: icdmic2017.org