EXPERIENCE OF ADOLECENT WITH PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY

Dewi Marfuah

Abstract


Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before menstruation. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a health problem experienced by around 20-40% of women. The symptoms of PMS include affective and somatic symptoms affects quality of women’s life. However, there are no studies that describe experiences with PMS. Objective: To describe experience of adolescents with PMS. Methods: A qualitative study using phenomenological approach. Number of participants were five female students of SMK Moch Toha Cimahi, Bandung, West Java, that meet criteria of PMS based on ACOG. The data were collected from the results of in-depth interviews with an unstructured interview. Colaizzi method was used for data analysis. Results: Five themes were found: symptoms perceived as a change that affects the psychological, behavioral and physical; symptoms cause discomfort and interfere social relationships of adolescents; Internal and external factors are the reasons for the selection of treatment; non pharmacological treatment as coping is common when they feel discomfort; and most of symptoms reduced with non and pharmacological treatment. Conclusion: Adolescents' experience with PMS caused discomfort such as affects the psychological, behavioral and physical. It interferes their social relationship. However, the symptoms increased because of prolonged stress. Therefore, nurses have a role to provide health education about PMS and its treatment for adolescent.


Keywords


experience, adolescent, premenstrual syndrome

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