PREVENT TRANSMISSION OF HIV/AIDS PREGNANT WOMEN : LITERATUR REVIEW

Nunung Nurhayati

Abstract


Baby risk be infected HIV/AIDS by his mother with HIV/AIDS during pregnancy, childbirth and lactation. There has been increasing the number of pregnant woman with HIV/AIDS every year. When without treatment antiretroviral, about 15-30 % of infants born of mother with HIV/AIDS will infected during pregnancy and childbirth, and add from 5-20 % will infected when breast-feeding (WHO, 2012). A method of writing through literature the search using google search and then search to ebscohost then entered link CINALH and PROQUEST web site. Keywords used HIV/AIDS, pregnant, and prevention. Four publications were analyzed. Design research using RCT, publication of the journal the last 10 years (2007-2017). Antiretroviral treatment (ART) recommended of WHO for a mother who is infected with HIV/AIDS during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum to prevent the process of HIV/AIDS transmission from mother to baby. Generally 3 antiretroviral with a combination for mother undergo pregnancy, avoid providing breastfeeding, and with the process of birth by section of elective cæsarea have reduced transmission < 2 %. During which the mother undergo pregnancy, mother with HIV/AIDS from the age of pregnancy 24 weeks have received ARV (Zidovudin (ZDV), Lamivudine (3TC), and Nevirapine (NVP)). Treatment continued during the labor and postnatal. Based on literature who writed review obtained the conclusion that the AZT for pregnant women with HIV/AIDS can reduce the risk of transmission.

 


Keywords


HIV-AIDS, Pregnant, Transmission

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References


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