THE EFFECT OF GIVING OXYGENATION WITH SIMPLE OXYGEN MASK AND THE POSITION 30° OF HEAD TOWARD TO CHANGE OF CONSCIOUSNESS LEVELS OF MODERATE HEAD INJURY PATIENTS IN BANJARMASIN ULIN GENERAL HOSPITAL

Alit Suwandewi

Abstract


Head injury is directly or indirectly mechanical injuries that resulted wound in the scalp, skull fracture, tear the lining of the brain, and brain damage, and neurological disorders. The basic method for brain protection of head injury patients are freeing the airway and giving adequate oxygenation. Giving oxygenation with simple oxygen mask and position 30° of head are the appropriate action for the moderate head injury classification to launch the cerebral oxygen perfusion and  to increase consciousness level. The purpose of this research were to determine the GCS before and after giving oxygenation  with simple oxygen mask the and position 30 ° of head and to analyze the effect of giving oxygenation with simple oxygen mask and position 30 °of  head  to change the levels of consciousness of moderate head injury patients. This research was an quasi experimental study with 30 respondents. The test were used Wilcoxon Test. The results showed that there was an effect of giving oxygenation with simple oxygen mask and position 30 °of  head toward to change the level of consciousness of moderate head injury patients. GCS average value before was 17,92 and GCS average after value was 14,09 with p value was 0.009. This is applicative research, so it’s need to reflikatif and develop to improve the quality and monitoring of emergency nursing services.


Keywords


Simple Oxygen Mask, Position 30° of the Head Levels of Consciousness GCS, Moderate Head Injury

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