THE CORRELATION BETWEEN NUTRITIONAL STATUS, BIRTH WEIGHT AND BREASTFEEDING WITH PNEUMONIA INCIDENCES OF UNDER FIVE YEARS CHILD AT SEMATANG BORANG COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTER PALEMBANG IN 2016

Yusnilasari Yusnilasari

Abstract


Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria with symptoms of high fever with a productive cough, rapid breathing (breath frequency> 50 breaths / min), spasms and other symptoms (headache, restlessness and poor appetite). The purpose of this study was known the Correlation between Nutritional Status, Birth Weight, and Breastfeeding to the Pneumonia Incidences of Under-five years child at Sematang Borang Community Health Center Palembang in 2016. This study was a quantitative research analytic survey design with cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all under-five children who came to the Sematang Borang Community Health Center Palembang MTBS unit for treatment, amounted to 521 children. The sample in this study were under-five children who came to the Sematang Borang Community Health Center Palembang MTBS unit for treatment, amounted to 96 respondents with accidental sampling as the sampling technique. Data analysis techniques were univariate and bivariate by using Chi Square statistical test (α = 0.05). This study was conducted at Sematang Borang Community Health Center Palembang from May 16th until May 20th, 2016. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that P-value = 0.040 for nutritional status and pneumonia cases in children, P-value = 0.013 for birth weight with the cases of pneumonia in under-five children, and breastfeeding with the cases of pneumonia in under-five children obtained P-value = 0,000. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that there was a correlation between nutritional status and pneumonia in under-five children, there was a correlation between birth weight and pneumonia in under-five children and also there was a correlation between breastfeeding and pneumonia in under-five children. It was expected to health center personnels in Sematang Borang Community Health Center Palembang in order to increase the role of the health promotion program by improving knowledge about the prevention of pneumonia, such as providing exclusive breastfeeding, providing complementary feeding, improving education or counseling on birth weight to reduce the pneumonia in under-five children. 


Keywords


Pneumonia, nutritional status, birth weight, breastfeeding

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