Fanny Adistie


Background: When a child should get hospitalized it can cause anxiety for parents, especially if children were treated in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). With the high level of parental anxiety, it is important for nurses to provide intervention for parents to help overcome the anxiety. Objectives: The aims of this research was to examine the influence of therapeutic communication to the parents' anxiety of children who were treated in intensive care. Method: The research conducted by the design of pre-experimental designs with pretest-posttest one group design. Results: Results of the study on 29 respondents using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), showed the level of anxiety before the intervention 7% had mild anxiety, 37,9% had moderate anxiety, 17,2% had severe anxiety and 20,7% had very severe anxiety. After the intervention showed 62,1% had mild anxiety, 17,2% had moderate anxiety, 10,3% had severe anxiety and 10,3 had very severe anxiety. There were significant differences between the mean anxiety before the intervention of therapeutic communication with a mean anxiety after the intervention of therapeutic communication (p = 0.000). Discussion: The implications of this study showed that the therapeutic communication interventions proven effective in reducing anxiety so that it can be considered in providing nursing care to overcome the parental anxiety of children treated in intensive care and this results can be used as initial data for further research.


Parental Anxiety, Therapeutic Communication, PICU, NICU

Full Text:



Cleveland, L. M. (2008). Parenting in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing. 37(6), 666-691

Diaz-Caneja, A., Gledhill, J., Weaver, T., Nadel, S., & Garralda, E. (2005). A Child’s Admission to Hospital: A Qualitative Study Examining The Experiences of Parents. Intensive Care Med, 31, 1248–1254

Gunarsa, S. D., & Gunarsa, S. D. (2008). Psikologi Keperawatan [Nursing Psychology]. Jakarta : Gunung Mulia

Maramis, W. F. (2004). Catatan Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa [Mental Health Sciences Notes]. Surabaya: Airlangga University Pres.

Needle, O’Riordan & Smith . (2009). Parental Anxiety And Medical Comprehension Within 24 Hrs Of A Child's Admission To The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Pediatr Crit Care Med, 10(6) 668-674

Setiawan & Tanjung. (2005). Efek Komunikasi Terapeutik Terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Pasien Pre Operasi di Rumah Sakit Haji Adam Malik Medan [Therapeutic Communication Effect on Anxiety Level of Pre-Operation Patient at Haji Adam Malik Hospital Medan]. Jurnal Keperawatan Rufaidah Sumatera Utara, 1, 16-23. Downloaded 27 January 2012, from

Slamet, S. P. R. (2014). Pengaruh Komunikasi Terapeutik Terhadap Tingkat Kecemasan Pada Keluarga Pasien yang Dirawat Di Ruang PICU RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta [Effect of Therapeutic Communication on Anxiety Levels in Family Patients Treated In PICU Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta]. Bachelor theses. Accessed on

Spielberger, C. D., Lushene, G. R., Vagg, P. R., Jacobs, G. A. (1983). State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults Manual and Sample : Manual, Instrument and Scoring Guide. Published by Mind Garden, Inc

Supartini, Yupi. (2004). Buku Ajar Konsep dasar Keperawatan Anak [Textbook The basic concept of Pediatric Nursing]. Jakarta : EGC

Suryani. (2015). Komunikasi Terapeutik : Teori dan Praktik [Therapeutic communication : theory and practice]. Jakarta: EGC

Stuart, G.W & Sundeen S.J. (1995). Principles and Practise of Psychiatric Nursing. St. Louis: Mosby Year Book


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Secretary Office :

STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat (Intitute of Nursing Science PPNI West Java)

Ahmad street 4th No. 32 Cicendo, Bandung 40173

West Java - Indonesia

Phone.: +62 22 6121914