THE INFLUENCE OF THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION ON PARENTAL ANXIETY OF CHILDREN TREATED IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT

Fanny Adistie

Abstract


Background: When a child should get hospitalized it can cause anxiety for parents, especially if children were treated in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). With the high level of parental anxiety, it is important for nurses to provide intervention for parents to help overcome the anxiety. Objectives: The aims of this research was to examine the influence of therapeutic communication to the parents' anxiety of children who were treated in intensive care. Method: The research conducted by the design of pre-experimental designs with pretest-posttest one group design. Results: Results of the study on 29 respondents using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), showed the level of anxiety before the intervention 7% had mild anxiety, 37,9% had moderate anxiety, 17,2% had severe anxiety and 20,7% had very severe anxiety. After the intervention showed 62,1% had mild anxiety, 17,2% had moderate anxiety, 10,3% had severe anxiety and 10,3 had very severe anxiety. There were significant differences between the mean anxiety before the intervention of therapeutic communication with a mean anxiety after the intervention of therapeutic communication (p = 0.000). Discussion: The implications of this study showed that the therapeutic communication interventions proven effective in reducing anxiety so that it can be considered in providing nursing care to overcome the parental anxiety of children treated in intensive care and this results can be used as initial data for further research.


Keywords


Parental Anxiety, Therapeutic Communication, PICU, NICU

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References


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