Marisa J. Manik


Background: Heart disease is the main cause of death in the world. CPR is an action that can be done as a first aid in cardiac arrest patients. The aim of this literature review is to compare the effectiveness of the use of mechanical CPR (LUCAS) and manual CPR in cardiac arrest patients. Methods: This literature review using thematic analysis: simplified approach. Searching data process is done through three databases EBSCO, PUBMED and Proquest using keywords which is have determine with inclusion and exclusion criteria and by do critical appraisal on articles. Results: From the 2,066 full text articles, six articles required the inclusion. After coding process, there are five categories of theme: CPR delivered in transportation, rescuer fatigue, time efficiency, minimal interruptions and return of spontaneous circulation. Main findings explained the answer of literature review questions which are the advantages and disadvantages of mechanical CPR and manual CPR, the results on patient who can survive as well as the impact of using both. Conclusion: There are differences in good quality of the effectiveness between mechanical CPR and manual CPR given by reviewing the accuracy of correct CPR based on the guidelines and return of spontaneous circulation in cardiac arrest patients.


manual CPR, mechanical CPR (LUCAS), cardiac arrest.

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