THE VALUES OF ETHICAL VIRTUE IN CRITICAL NURSING CARE ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT: A PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEW

Karolus Yosef Woitila Wangi

Abstract


Background. Nursing is one of the health professions with nursing care as a intervention and "caring" as the main characteristic. One type of nursing is a critical care nursing with the specificity to do critical care on disaster situations. Critical nurses do nursing care to disaster victims in a set of condition that also endangers their safety but is still done with reference to the value of profession ethics adopted. This phenomenon becomes unique by philosophical views if that values of the care act reviewed in literature of applied ethics is called "ethical virtue". How does this virtue become the ethical basis of the nursing profession especially in the practice of critical nursing care in the context of disaster management? Aims of this research is to know the description of nursing ethics and ethical virtue in critical nursing practice in the context of disaster management. Methods used is descriptive with deductive thinking approach. The type of this research is literature study with data analysis using hermeneutic approach. To maintain consistency and correctness of research logic, use the coherent theory of truth. Results. These are three values of ethical virtue, namely: 1) compassion is to understand what is felt by others and want to do something because of suffering; 2) phronesis is the ability to consider, assess, and make the right decision in complex situations; And 3) fortitude is the courage in carrying out the duties and responsibilities of the profession even in a life-threatening situation. Conclusion critical nurses need to better understand the value of virtues that fit the specificity of the scope of its professional practice because with a better understanding of it will underlie the formation of attitudes in the provision of critical nursing care especially on disaster management.


Keywords


Ethical Virtues, Critical Care Nursing, Disaster Management

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