EARLY DETECTION OF CORONARY HEART DISEASE RISK FACTORS AMONG PEOPLE IN HEGARMANAH, JATINANGOR

Yusshy Kurnia Herliani

Abstract


Coronary Heart Disease is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. More than a million (0.5%) of total population in Indonesia and approximately 227.364 (0.5%) of people in West Java Province of Indonesia were diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD) in 2013. These statistics highlight the importance of research in this group of patients. There are many factors that can lead a person to experience CHD. The risk factors of CHD including obesity, cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose level, stress, lack of exercise and smoking. Monitoring the risk factors of a cardiac event is a critical element to prevent coronary heart disease. Therefore, this study was conducted for early detection of coronary heart disease risk factors among people in Hegarmanah, Jatinangor. This descriptive study aimed to describe coronary heart disease risk factors among people in Hegarmanah, Jatinangor. The data was obtained by asking the participants related exercise, diet and smoking. The clinical outcomes assessed in this study consisted of blood pressure (BP), cholesterol, blood glucose, and body mass index (BMI). The results showed that most of the respondent had not obey a healthy diet (88%).The majority of the respondents had abnormal score on BMI (56%), cholesterol level (69%) and blood pressure (78%).  The majority of respondent showed a normal level of blood glucose (78%) and did not smoke (81%). The majority of respondents used to perform exercise. This study can be concluded that most of the respondents have the risk factors of CHD.  Therefore, the risk factors of CHD should be concerned as part of cardiac prevention and need further research on patients’ knowledge on risk factor management.


Keywords


Early detection, Heart disease

Full Text:

PDF

References


(WHO) WHO. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) 2017. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs317/en/.

Indonesia MoHotRo. Profil kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2013 [Indonesia health profile in 2013] . . In: Pusdatin, editor. 2014.

National Heart L, and Blood Institute. Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors USA2016 [cited 2017 31 Mei 2017]. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hd.

Pickering TG, Hall JE, Appel LJ, Falkner BE, Graves J, Hill MN, et al. Recommendations for Blood Pressure Measurement in Humans and Experimental Animals: Part 1: Blood Pressure Measurement in Humans: A Statement for Professionals From the Subcommittee of Professional and Public Education of the American Heart Association Council on High Blood Pressure Research. Hypertension. 2005;45(1):142-61.

Go AS, Mozaffarian D, Roger VL, Benjamin EJ, Berry JD, Blaha MJ, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics--2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2014;129(3):e28-e292.

Leifheit-Limson EC, Spertus JA, Reid KJ, Jones SB, Vaccarino V, Krumholz HM, et al. Prevalence of traditional cardiac risk factors and secondary prevention among patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI): variation by age, sex, and race. Journal of women's health (2002). 2013;22(8):659-66.

Anand SS, Islam S, Rosengren A, Franzosi MG, Steyn K, Yusufali AH, et al. Risk factors for myocardial infarction in women and men: insights from the INTERHEART study. European Heart Journal. 2008;29(7):932-40.

National Heart L, and Blood Institute. How Does Smoking Affect the Heart and Blood Vessels? USA2016 [cited 2017 31 Mei 2017]. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hd.

Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, Dans T, Avezum A, Lanas F, et al. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet (London, England). 2004;364(9438):937-52.

Hubungan obesitas dengan beberapa faktor risiko penyakit jantung koroner di laboratorium klinik Prodia makassar tahun 2005 [Correlation between obesity and multiple risk factors of coronary heart disease in Prodia clinical laboratories makasar in 2005 [Internet]. 2005. Available from: http://arali2008.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/obesitas-dan-jantung-koroner.

(WHO) WHO. Obesity and overweight. 2016.

National Heart L, and Blood Institute. Benefits of Physical Activity USA2016 [cited 2017 31 Mei 2017]. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hd.

Chair SY, Lee SF, Lopez V, Ling EM. Risk factors of Hong Kong Chinese patients with coronary heart disease. J Clin Nurs. 2007;16(7):1278-84.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Secretary Office :

STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat (Intitute of Nursing Science PPNI West Java)

Ahmad street 4th No. 32 Cicendo, Bandung 40173

West Java - Indonesia

Phone.: +62 22 6121914

Email: info@icdmic.org

Website: icdmic2017.org